Jerónimo Carvalho de Sousa (Santa Iria de Azoia, 13 de Abril de 1947) é um operário metalúrgico e político português.
Nasceu na aldeia de Pirescoxe, pertencente à freguesia de Santa Iria de Azoia, concelho de Loures, onde ainda hoje reside. Assembleia Constituinte, de 1975 a 1976, e várias vezes eleito para a Assembleia da República, entre 1976 e 1992 e, de novo, em 2002, pelo Círculo de Setúbal. Em 1996 foi candidato a Presidente da República, tendo desistido a favor do candidato socialista, Jorge Sampaio. É secretário-geral do Partido Comunista Português, desde 27 de Novembro de 2004.
É filho de António de Sousa e de Olímpia Jorge Carvalho, Jerónimo de Sousa frequentou o antigo Curso Industrial e começou a trabalhar aos catorze anos, como afinador de máquinas na MEC - Fábrica de Aparelhagem Industrial. Foi delegado sindical nessa fábrica, chegando à Direcção do Sindicato dos Metalúrgicos de Lisboa, em 1973. Aderiu ao PCP em 1974, na sequência da Revolução dos Cravos, e chegou ao Comité Central em 1979. Foi deputado à
Jerónimo Carvalho de Sousa (born 13 April 1947) is a Portuguese politician who has been General Secretary of the Portuguese Communist Party since the 17th Congress of the Party in November 2004. He is a member of the Assembly of the Republic and was also a candidate in the 2006 presidential election.
Activity after the Carnation Revolution of 1974
In the first democratic election in the country's history, that were meant to elect a parliament that would write a new democratic Constitution, Jerónimo de Sousa was elected MP. Entering in the Assembly of the Republic for the first time, a curious thing happened, a worker of the Assembly called him "doctor", he answered he was not a doctor and the worker replied: "sorry engineer", expressing the weird thing of the presence of a factory worker in a chamber that was dominated for 48 years by the top figures of the regime. He continued to be elected in the subsequent legislative elections, and only left the parliament in 1993. In 2002, he returned after the legislative election of that year.
Meanwhile, Jerónimo was elected for the first time to the Central Committee of the PCP in 1979 and became a member of its Political Bureau in 1992. He was the Party's candidate to the presidential election of 1996, but he left the race giving his support to the Socialist candidate, Jorge Sampaio. In 2004, after the Party's 17th Congress, in November, Jerónimo de Sousa was elected General Secretary, replacing Carlos Carvalhas. He was announced as the Party's candidate for Portuguese presidential election, 2006, and also gathered the support of the Ecologist Party "The Greens".