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Sibghatullah Mojaddedi

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foto  صبغت الله مجددی

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رئیس حزب جبهه ملی افغانستان و یکی از رهبران جهادی افغانستان است. | An Afghan political figure.
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Biografia

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صبغت‌الله مجددی رئیس سابق مجلس سنای افغانستان، رئیس حزب جبهه ملی افغانستان و یکی از رهبران جهادی افغانستان است. وی از قوم پشتونو از یکی از خانواده‌های مذهبی برجسته در کابل بود. پس از فروپاشی حکومت محمد نجیب الله توسط مجاهدین افغانستان، مجددی توسط گروه‌های جهادی دو ماه از ۲۸ آوریل تا ۲۸ ژوئن ۱۹۹۲ به مقام ریاست جمهوری افغانستان انتخاب شد. او همچنین از مشایخ بزرگ طریقت نقشبندیه و منتسب به شیخ احمد سرهندی معروف به مجدد الف ثانی می‌باشد.

 

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Sibghatullah Mojaddedi or Hazrat Sahib (Pashto صبغت الله مجددي, born c. 1926), served as President of the Islamic State of Afghanistan after the fall of Mohammad Najibullah's government in April 1992. He is also the founder of the Afghan National Liberation Front. In December 2003, he served as the chairman of the Loya Jirga that approved Afghanistan's new constitution. In 2005 he was appointed chairman of the Meshrano Jirga, upper house of the National Assembly of Afghanistan, and was reappointed as a member in 2011. He also serves on the Afghan High Peace Council.

 

Political activity

Sibghatullah Mojaddedi is considered a moderate Muslim leader. He is a member of the Jebh-e-Nejat-e Melli (National Liberation Front). In 1989, the Afghan Interim Government appointed him as the president of the country. In 1992, he was the chair of a the Islamic Jihad Council that was set up to establish a post-Soviet Afghan government. This position lasted three months, although some sources say he stayed for only two months. In May 1992, Burhanuddin Rabbani established a new leadership council. This council undermined Mojaddedi's leadership, resulting in his resignation and handing over power to a new council. During this time in 1992, when Mojaddedi was President of Afghanistan, the Ariana plane carrying him to Kabul was hit by an RPG as it was landing at Kabul Airport. The plane landed safely, with no fatalities.

 

After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Mojaddedi returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan and became chairman of the Loya Jirga, the assembly which approved Afghanistan's new constitution. In 2005, he became chairman of the Meshrano Jirga, Afghanistan's upper house of the National Assembly of Afghanistan, and he was reappointed as member in 2011. He also serves on the Afghan High Peace Council. Two suicide bombers carried out an attack in Kabul on March 12, 2006 against Sibghatullah Mojaddedi, while he was a member of the upper house and head of a reconciliation committee aimed at engaging former Taliban members. Attackers blew up a vehicle filled with explosives next to his. car as he was being driven through the streets. Four pedestrians were killed and Mojaddedi was slightly injured, with burns to his face and hands.

 

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20th November 08

updated: 2014-04-07

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